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language [2014/07/11 02:21]
admin created
language [2015/05/09 11:05] (current)
jjelinek
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 The proposal is to have the following syntax for each neume: The proposal is to have the following syntax for each neume:
-    type-alteration-variant-height-subpuncta+    type-alteration-variant-height-subpuncta-letters
    
 === Type === === Type ===
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   * ''​vi''​ (virga)   * ''​vi''​ (virga)
   * ''​pu''​ (punctum)   * ''​pu''​ (punctum)
-  * ''​ta''​ (tractatus)+  * ''​ta''​ (tractulus) 
 +  * ''​gr''​ (gravis)
   * ''​cl''​ (clivis)   * ''​cl''​ (clivis)
   * ''​un''​ (uncinus, Laon only)   * ''​un''​ (uncinus, Laon only)
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   * ''​bv''​ (bivirga)   * ''​bv''​ (bivirga)
   * ''​tv''​ (trivirga)   * ''​tv''​ (trivirga)
-  * ''​pr''​ (pressus)+  * ''​pr''​ (pressus ​maior) 
 +  * ''​pi''​ (pressus minor)
   * ''​vs''​ (virga strata)   * ''​vs''​ (virga strata)
   * ''​or''​ (oriscus)   * ''​or''​ (oriscus)
   * ''​sa''​ (salicus)   * ''​sa''​ (salicus)
   * ''​pq''​ (pes quassus)   * ''​pq''​ (pes quassus)
-  * ''​qi''​ (quilisma)+  ​* ''​ql''​ (quilisma, with 3 loops) 
 +  ​* ''​qi''​ (quilisma, with 2 loops)
   * ''​pt''​ (pes stratus)   * ''​pt''​ (pes stratus)
- 
-=== littera significativa === 
- 
-The possible letters are the following((see the very complete //Manuale di canto gregoriano//​ by Fulvio Rampi and Lattanzi)): 
-  * (nothing) 
-  * ''​c''​ celeriter 
-  * ''​t''​ tenere 
-  * ''​a''​ augete 
-  * ''​n''​ nectum 
-  * ''​s''​ sursum 
-  * ''​f''​ fastigium 
-  * ''​h''​ humiliter 
-  * ''​l''​ levare 
-  * ''​eq''​ equaliter 
-  * ''​q''​ equaliter 
-  * ''​nl''​ non levare 
-  * ''​nt''​ non teneas 
-  * ''​st''​ sursum tenere 
-  * ''​hp''​ humiliter parum 
-  * ''​ve''​ vel 
-  * ''​+''​ sign of repetition 
-  * ''​d''​ deprimatur 
-  * ''​e''​ equaliter 
-  * ''​sta''​ statim 
-  * ''​x''​ expectare 
-  * ''​m''​ mediocriter 
-  * ''​v''​ valde 
-  * ''​b''​ bene 
-  * ''​p''​ parvum 
-  * ''​fr''​ frendor 
-  * ''​k''​ klenche 
-  * ''​g''​ gutture 
-  * ''​i''​ iusum 
-  * ''​su''​ supra 
-  * ''​sc''​ supra celeriter 
-  * ''​sj''​ subjice 
-  * ''​sjc''​ subjice celeriter 
-  * ''​sjcm''​ subjice celeriter quam mox 
- 
-To indicate the letter, one should write ''​ls:​X;''​ where X is one of the possibilities above. To indicate the position, you must write ''​lsp:​X''​ where X is a number between 1 and 5, indicating the note to which the letter is associated. The default is the last one. 
  
 === Alteration === === Alteration ===
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   * ''<''​ (auctus ascendens)   * ''<''​ (auctus ascendens)
   * ''>''​ (auctus descendens)   * ''>''​ (auctus descendens)
-  * ''​s''​ (alteration of shape, in Dom Cardine'​s table) +  * ''​S''​ (alteration of shape, in Dom Cardine'​s table) 
-  * ''​g''​ (alteration of grouping, idem) +  * ''​G''​ (alteration of grouping, idem) 
-  * ''​m''​ (alteration of melody, idem)+  * ''​M''​ (alteration of melody, idem)
  
 === Variant === === Variant ===
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 === Ambitus === === Ambitus ===
  
-For semi-diastematic notation (typically Beneventan notation), the ambitus is important. It can be indicated with ''​am:X;'',​ with X being 1 to 3 numbers between 1 and 5. For example a podatus with an ambitus of 3 will have ''​am:3;''​ in its description,​ and an (hypothetical) climacus with ambitus 1 then ambitus 3 then ambitus 2 will have ''​am:132;''​ in its description.+For semi-diastematic notation (typically Beneventan notation), the ambitus is important. It can be indicated with ''​amX'',​ with X being 1 to 3 numbers between 1 and 5. For example a podatus with an ambitus of 3 will have ''​am3''​ in its description,​ and an (hypothetical) climacus with ambitus 1 then ambitus 3 then ambitus 2 will have ''​am132''​ in its description.
  
 === Height === === Height ===
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 As there is no reference, the height is of course very approximative. We shall consider that the default is the height ''​f''​. As there is no reference, the height is of course very approximative. We shall consider that the default is the height ''​f''​.
 +
 +=== Combined neume groups ===
 +
 +When multiple base neume glyphs are combined together, drawn as one glyph, the neumes are joined together with
 +''​!''​ character. ​ E.g. a torculus combined with clivis and porrectus with episema is written as ''​to!cl!po-''​.
 +If height needs to be specified, it should be specified for all the base neumes, like ''​tohh!clhh!po-hh''​.
 +Subpuncta, prepuncta and significative letters go after the whole group in that case.
  
 === Subpuncta === === Subpuncta ===
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 For adiastematic notation, the subpuncta can be added at the end, with ''​su''​ followed by the number of subpuncta (between ''​1''​ and ''​9''​). For adiastematic notation, the subpuncta can be added at the end, with ''​su''​ followed by the number of subpuncta (between ''​1''​ and ''​9''​).
  
-For semi-diastematic notation, this is more difficult, as the relative height of the puncta can change. So a list of puncta can be give, with the following syntax: ''​suXsuYsuZ'',​ with ''​X'',​ ''​Y''​ and ''​Z''​ being the height of the puncta. No more than 10 puncta can be given.+For semi-diastematic notation, this is more difficult, as the relative height of the puncta can change. So a list of puncta can be give, with the following syntax: ''​suX1suY1suZ1'',​ with ''​X'',​ ''​Y''​ and ''​Z''​ being the height of the puncta. No more than 10 puncta can be given
 + 
 +If a shape of the particular puncta needs to be specified, it can be specified by a modifier after the optional hight letter. 
 +   * (nothing) gives the shape of punctum 
 +   * ''​t''​ gives the shape of tractulus 
 +   * ''​u''​ gives the shape of tractulus with episema 
 +   * ''​v''​ gives the shape of tractulus with double episema 
 +   * ''​w''​ gives the shape of gravis 
 +   * ''​x''​ gives the shape of (liquescens) stropha 
 +   * ''​y''​ gives the shape of gravis with episema 
 + 
 +If ''​pp''​ is used instead of ''​su'',​ it describes prepuncta of the neume instead of subpuncta. 
 + 
 +=== littera significativa === 
 + 
 +The possible letters are the following((see the very complete //Manuale di canto gregoriano//​ by Fulvio Rampi and Lattanzi))((also see [[http://​theses.cz/​id/​9b10pv/​96548-338988687.pdf|this diploma thesis]], on pages 141 and 142)): 
 +  * ''​c''​ celeriter 
 +  * ''​t''​ tenere 
 +  * ''​s''​ sursum 
 +  * ''​l''​ levare 
 +  * ''​x''​ expectare 
 +  * ''​+''​ sign of repetition 
 +  * ''​a''​ augete 
 +  * ''​al''​ altius 
 +  * ''​am''​ altius mediocriter 
 +  * ''​b''​ bene 
 +  * ''​cm''​ celeriter mediocriter 
 +  * ''​co''​ coniunguntur 
 +  * ''​cw''​ celeriter (wide form) 
 +  * ''​d''​ deprimatur 
 +  * ''​e''​ equaliter 
 +  * ''​eq''​ equaliter 
 +  * ''​ew''​ equaliter (wide form) 
 +  * ''​f''​ fastigium 
 +  * ''​fid''​ fideliter 
 +  * ''​fr''​ frendor 
 +  * ''​g''​ gutture 
 +  * ''​h''​ humiliter 
 +  * ''​hp''​ humiliter parvum 
 +  * ''​hn''​ humiliter nectum 
 +  * ''​i''​ iusum 
 +  * ''​im''​ iusum mediocriter 
 +  * ''​iv''​ iusum valde 
 +  * ''​k''​ klenche 
 +  * ''​lb''​ levare bene 
 +  * ''​lc''​ levare celeriter 
 +  * ''​len''​ leniter 
 +  * ''​lm''​ levare mediocriter 
 +  * ''​lp''​ levare parvum 
 +  * ''​lt''​ levare tenere 
 +  * ''​m''​ mediocriter 
 +  * ''​md''​ mediocriter (Laon) 
 +  * ''​moll''​ molliter 
 +  * ''​n''​ nectum 
 +  * ''​nl''​ non levare 
 +  * ''​nt''​ non tenere 
 +  * ''​p''​ parvum 
 +  * ''​par''​ paratim 
 +  * ''​pfec''​ perfecte 
 +  * ''​pm''​ parvum mediocriter 
 +  * ''​q''​ equaliter 
 +  * ''​sb''​ sursum bene 
 +  * ''​sc''​ supra celeriter 
 +  * ''​sc''​ sursum celeriter 
 +  * ''​simil''​ similiter 
 +  * ''​simul''​ simul 
 +  * ''​sj''​ subjice  
 +  * ''​sjc''​ subjice celeriter 
 +  * ''​sjcm''​ subjice celeriter quam mox 
 +  * ''​sm''​ sursum mediocriter 
 +  * ''​st''​ sursum tenere 
 +  * ''​sta''​ statim 
 +  * ''​su''​ supra 
 +  * ''​tb''​ tenere bene 
 +  * ''​th''​ tenere humiliter 
 +  * ''​tm''​ tenere mediocriter 
 +  * ''​tw''​ tenere (wide form) 
 +  * ''​v''​ valde 
 +  * ''​ve''​ vel 
 +  * ''​vol''​ volubiliter 
 + 
 +To indicate the letter, one should write ''​lsXP''​ where X is one of the possibilities above. Y stands for a digit specifying the relative position of the significant letter against the neume: 
 +  * ''​1''​ letter is at the top left corner of the neume 
 +  * ''​2''​ letter is above the neume 
 +  * ''​3''​ letter is at the top right corner of the neume 
 +  * ''​4''​ letter is to the left of the neume 
 +  * ''​6''​ letter is to the right of the neume 
 +  * ''​7''​ letter is at the bottom left corner of the neume 
 +  * ''​8''​ letter is below the neume 
 +  * ''​9''​ letter is at the boottom right corner of the neume 
 + 
 +=== Spacing === 
 + 
 +To insert a smaller space between nabc neumes, use ''/''​ character, to insert larger space use ''/''''/''​. 
 +''/''''/''''/''​ then stands for a larger space followed by smaller space. ​ To add negative space, use ''​`''​ 
 +and/or ''​``''​ instead of ''/''​ and/or ''/''''/''​. 
 + 
 +This is generally useful for the first nabc neume above some square note neume group, if there is plenty of space before that, but not enough space for the nabc neumes.
  
 ==== Example ==== ==== Example ====
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    * ''​pf-''​ gives porrectus flexus with an episemus    * ''​pf-''​ gives porrectus flexus with an episemus
    * ''​po-2''​ gives the second variant of the porrectus with episemus (see Dom Cardine'​s table)    * ''​po-2''​ gives the second variant of the porrectus with episemus (see Dom Cardine'​s table)
-   * ''​pels:c;su2''​ gives a pes subbipunctis with the c letter +   * ''​pesu2lsc2''​ gives a pes subbipunctis with the c letter ​above it 
-   * ''​vihgsufsue''​ gives virga at height ''​g'',​ with two subpuncta, at height ''​f''​ and ''​e''​+   * ''​vihgsuf1sue1''​ gives virga at height ''​g'',​ with two subpuncta, at height ''​f''​ and ''​e''​
  
-A more explicit syntax is also possible, taking the last example it would be vi;​h:​g;​su:​f;​su:​e;​ 
language.1405045308.txt.gz · Last modified: 2014/07/11 02:21 by admin